Tugu Muda is an historic monument in Semarang, Java commemorating the struggle for independence by Indonesian youth. It was dedicated by President Sukarno on 20 May 1953 to commemorate the continuous five-day battle between the youth of Semarang and a Japanese battalion led by Major Kido from 14–19 October 1945. Japanese forces drove the Dutch from Indonesia as the “elder brother of Asia”; however, the Japanese were crueler to dissidents than their Dutch counterparts were. The stone monument consists of a foundation, body and head. One side of the monument is done in relief, with ornamental ponds and gardens surrounding it.
source : wikipedia.org