Beringharjo (hanacaraka: Market Beringharja) is the oldest market with philosophical and historical value that can not be separated by Kraton Yogyakarta. Beringharjo has the literal meaning of the banyan tree forest which is expected to provide welfare for the people of Yogyakarta. Beringharjo located on Jalan Ahmad Yani No. 16, Yogyakarta. There are many types of goods that can be purchased in Beringharjo, ranging from batik, traditional snacks, ancient money, child and adult clothing, fast food, the basic ingredients of traditional herbal medicine, groceries to antiques.
Beringharjo name given after the reign lane VIII on 24 March 1925. Sultan Hamngku lane VIII ordered that all agencies under the auspices of the Sultanate of Yogyakarta using Java language. Beringharjo name chosen because it has the meaning of the original forest area banyan (Bering) which is expected to provide welfare (Harjo). Beringharjo name itself is considered appropriate because the market is the former location of a banyan forests and Banyan Tree is a symbol of the greatness and shelter for many people.
Beringharjo region at first was a banyan forest. Not long after the foundation of Yogyakarta Kingdom in 1758, the area was used as a place of economic transactions by residents of Yogyakarta and surrounding areas. Hundreds of years later on March 24, 1925, the Sultan Palace commissioned Nederlansch Indisch Beton Maatschappij (Company Concrete Indies) to build market stalls. At the end of August 1925, 11 kiosks have been resolved and the others gradually followed.
Beringharjo has a philosophical and historical value with the Kraton having already passed through three phases, namely the kingdom, colonialism, and independence. Beringharjo development is one part of the design pattern of the city of Yogyakarta Sultanate called Catur Tunggal. The pattern of this city include four things that the palace as the seat of government, the plaza as a public space, the mosque as a place of worship, and the market as a center of economic transactions.
In Beringharjo market you can find:
Beringharjo have various kinds of batik from batik fabric and ready-made garments, cotton and silk. Collection of batik cloth found in the western part of the market north. While the collection of batik clothing found in almost all western markets. In addition to batik clothes, the west part of the market also offers clothes surjan, blangkon, and weaving and batik sarong. It also found sandals and bags around the western part of the escalator market.
On the second floor of the eastern part of the market, the sales center of the base material herbs and spices Java. Herbal ingredients such as turmeric sold commonly used to make acid turmeric and ginger are used to make herbal medicine is very bitter. Spices such as ginger (to make ronde drink or simply baked, boiled and mixed with rock sugar) and wood (used to enrich the flavor drinks such as ginger, coffee, tea and is sometimes used as a substitute for cocoa powder in a cappucino).
Beringharjo also be a great place to hunt for antiques antik.Pusat sale located on the 3rd floor of the eastern part of the market. There, tourists can find an old typewriter, helmet made in the ’60s that front has limited mica nose and so on. On the same floor, visitors can hunt for some quality used goods. Various kinds of imported second-hand goods such as shoes, handbags, and clothes are sold at prices far cheaper than the original price with the quality is still good.
Various Snack Market
Beringharjo sells a wide range of Yogyakarta traditional snacks are packed in the traditional way. To get the appropriate price, tourists can bargain the price of this market snacks.
Kipo is typical food Kotagede. KIPO cake made of glutinous rice flour and baked into small pieces. Basic materials made of glutinous rice flour and unti kelapa.Kipo become typical food because the manufacturing process is unique. But not steamed cake baked in a clay griddle.
In the front yard Beringharjo, tourists can sample pecel urap served in a bowl of banana leaves called pincuk. Pecel contains a wide variety of vegetables such as spinach, bean sprouts, mustard and seasoning kacang.Sedangkan complementary namely tofu and tempeh or tempeh gembus bacem.
Mendut And Mega Mendhung
The food is made from sticky rice is a round, red and green are doused with coconut milk. Other foods that mega mendhung, namely snacks made of blue and white hungkwe.
The food is made from glutinous rice and meat stuffed dicacah.Legomoro almost similar to lemper wrapped in banana leaves and steamed.
Characteristic of the building Beringharjo can be seen in the interior of the building which is a blend of traditional colonial architecture and Java. In general, this market consists of two separate buildings, namely the west and the east. The main building in the western part consists of two floors, while the second building in the eastern part consists of three floors. The main entrance to this market is located in the western part, directly overlooking Malioboro Street. The main gate is a building with typical colonial Beringharjo inscribed with the Latin script and Java script.
On the right and left side of the main door there are two rooms measuring 2.5 x 3.5 meters were used for market management office. The main door is directly related to the main market street that was built straight from west to east. The width of the main street in this market ranges from 2 meters with stalls open on the right and left. In addition to the main door, there are also other doors in the north, east, south with a smaller size than the main door.
source : wikipedia.org